Monilophyte and lycophyte hike

Fall 2016 I opted for an altered start to the monilophyte hike. On Tuesday I had announced that class would start from the agriculture classroom. On Thursday I picked up moss with spore capsules from the east end of campus prior to class. After I drove down to the agriculture classroom, I searched for and found Nostoc in the driveway. I began in the shade of the trees across from the classroom with an introduction to the Nostoc and the moss. I also distributed the seedless vascular plants of Micronesia hand out. The handout includes names from across Micronesia, this particular post uses only the Latin and Pohnpeian names.


The day was intensely sunny. Post El Niño there was absolutely no Lycopodiella cernua to be found. Two factors may have been at play. One, there were grass signs of harvesting, probably for decorations. Two, the drought of earlier in the year may have impacted the population.


 Davallia solida, ulungen kieil.


Asplenium nidus, tehlik.


 Huperzia phlegmaria, limpar.


 Huperzia phlegmaria, limpar.


Angioteris evecta, paiwed.


Angioteris evecta, paiwed.


The class at the Angiopteris


Antrophyum recticulatum (G. Forst) Kaulf. Antrophyum ponapense H. Ito. tehlikinwel.


Antrophyum recticulatum (G. Forst) Kaulf. Antrophyum ponapense H. Ito. tehlikinwel.


Cyclosorus maemonensis, mahrek


Antrophyum recticulatum (G. Forst) Kaulf. Antrophyum ponapense H. Ito. tehlikinwel.

Jes Oneisom and Christiam Olmos


Uphill through the fern forest. Tom Gilimete on anchor

Jon Jose and Tom Gilimete


Probably Asplenium polyodon, often referred to as mahrek en leng, but perhaps also known at peipei eni, kedilinwel


This might be Asplenium laserpitiifolium. The sori appear to match what images I have seen on line.


Outbound on the uphill slog

Mary-Ann Henry on the lead out of the fern forest



Vanessa Hadley



Up top

Raw list of ferns with local names that are sometimes seen on the hike:

1. Latin: Nostoc spp.
English: cyanobacteria
Kosraen: fokon faht
Pingelapese: limw (lihmw is Pohnpeian for green algaes in general)
Mwoakillese: pwijen joau (soau is honorific for sun in high Pohnpeian)
Pohnpeian: pwisehn ketipin
Kitti: pwisehn koatipin
Kapinga: gili ' moana
Mortlockese: paniol
Northern Noumenean: num
Faichuukese: num
Woleaian: luumule
Yapese: la'law
2. Moss: Musci
Use: fragrance for coconut oil (K)
English: moss
Kosraen: lum
Pingelapese: limw
Pohnpeian: lihmw
Kitti: lihmw
Mortlockese: lum?
N. Noumenean: num
S. Noumenean: nuum
Faichuukese: nūūm
Satawalese: nwumw
Pollapese: luumw
Woleaian: luumwe
Ulithian: lluum
Yapese: ganir
3. Psilotum: Psilotum nudum
English: whisk fern
Marshallese: martok
4. Lycopodium:
Lycopodiella cernua
Use: Cockroach repellent (P) decoration (C, K, P), arthritus bath (Hawaii, Sumner, 2008)
English: christmas tree club moss
Kosraen: mah in twefuroh
Pingelapese: suhke krismas
Pohnpeian: kidienmal, kidim en mal
Unk C: wúnen kattu
N. Noumenean: unen katu
Faichuukese: ūn-en katu , unen kattu
Puluwatese: kaatu
Woleai: gashishil gaatu
Ulithian: pechalgaatuw (cat's tail)
Yapese: gama'
Fijian: lawanini
5. Fern: Dicranopteris linearis
Use: None
English: false staghorn fern
Pohnpeian: mwedil en mal
Kitti: mwoadil en mal
N. Noumenean: anecha
S. Noumenean: an-nucha
Faichuukese: anecha
Woleaian: gemarag
Ulithian: hamarag
Yapese: gana'
Fijian: qato
6. Fern: Nephrolepis spp.
Use: keep water in bucket (K); cockroach repellent; 4 fiddleheads anti-diuretic or to calm nerves (P); decoration (C)
English: sword fern
Marshallese: anmokadede
Kosraen: ka
(Kenye Nipinyuck Waguk Mongkeya, 2007)
Pingelapese: pweh
Mwoakillese: pwoa
Pohnpeian: rehdil
Kitti: roahdil
Nukuoran: luu'he
Kapinga: lo'godaha
N. Noumenean: amare
Faichuukese: ammaru
Pollapese : amaare
Puluwatese: amare
Satawalese: aemaerei
Woleaian: gemarag
Yapese: alaw' (cockroach)
Fijian: diqi waruwaru
7. Fern: Cyclosorus maemonensis
Use: Washing dishes, tinea versicolor antifungal, local toilet tissue (P), grass skirt (Y)
Kosraen: fa
Mwoakillese: pwoa
Pohnpeian: mahrek
Kitti: marek
Nukuoran: manu'a tababa
Faichuukese: moromoren uuch
Puluwatese: hifin keerh
Woleian: mwatig
Yapese: walem (skirt)
8. Fern: Microsorum scolopendria
Use: Anti-diarheal (K, P) , mwarmwar for dancers (P, W), child's skirt (W), bone medicine
English: fragrant fern or maile-scented fern
Marshallese: kino
Kitti: kidou
Kosraen: sra kwemkwem
Pingelapese: pweh, kideu
Mwoakillese: kamkam
Pohnpeian: kideu
Kitti: kideu
Kapinga: gideu
Mortlockese: amāāra, amááre
Noumenean: chiichi
Unk C: Wénnúmey, sichon
Puluwatese: rhiirhi, riiri
Pollapese: rhirhi
Satawalese: rhirhi
Ulithian: chichi
Woleaian: shishi
Yapese: gob u ley (swamp)
Yapese: gob (drier place)
Fijian: kadakada
9. Fern: Asplenium polyodon or possibly A. pellucidum (tentative)
Pohnpeian: mahrekenleng, rehdil rasaras, rehdil en naniak
Kitti: mahrekenloang
10. Fern: Davallia solida
Pohnpeian: Ulung en kieil
11. Fern: Davallia pectinata (Humata banksii (Alston)
Pohnpeian: limwediliniak, kelmahu
Puluwatese: imwediliniak
12. Psilotum: Psilotum complanatum
Woleai: tiig
Yap: tilbug, dilbug
13. Lycopodium: Huperzia phlegmaria
Use: Mwarmwar for dance (P)
English: lycopodium
Pohnpeian: limpahr, limpar
Kitti: limpar
Yapese: awol (centipede)
Fijian: sevaseva
14. Fern: Haploteris elongata (Sw.). Syn. Vittaria elongata.
Use: Used with local oil to strengthen hair (K), or with water (P, Y)
Pohnpeian: alis en kewelik, alis en Nahnsou sed (honorific for heron), mwosou
Kitti: alis en koawoalik, alis en nahnsoau sed
Mortlockese: ishish
Pollapese: olen maluk
Puluwatese: olan maluk
Yapese: rob (beard)
15. Fern: Asplenium nidus
Use: On yams (P) , leaf tips for soup (Y)
English: bird's nest fern
Marshallese: kartōp
Kosraen: muhlihklihk
Pingelapese: sehlik
Mwoakillese: kardoap
Pohnpeian: tehnlihk
Kitti: toahnlik
Nukuoran: lau gadaha
Kapinga: lo'goho
Mortlockese: chōōlik
Unk C: nnuk
N. Nomenean: nuuk
Faichuukese: nukk , nnūk
Puluwatese: rhM lkk
Pollapese: rhēlūk
Woleaian: iuliuniug
Ulithian: maching (easy to break)
Yapese: chath
Fijian: beluve
16. Fern: Sphaeropteris nigricans (Cyathea nigricans)
Use: Posts for nahs, leaves as mats (P)
English: tree fern
Kosraen: po, tukun inut
Pingelapese: kesar
Mwoakillese: kasar
Pohnpeian: katar
Kitti: katar
Nukuoran: maele
Yapese: yibung
Fijian: balaba
17.  Fern: Asplenium laserpitiifolium Lam.
Japanese: Okinawa-sida
18.  Fern: Cephalomanes atrovirens
Pohnpeian: didimwerek
19. Fern: Antrophyum callifolium Blume (indigenous) (Syn reticulatum G.Forst).
Use: Undetermined to date
Pohnpeian:tehlikinwel
20.  Angiopteris evecta
Pohnpeian: Peiwed (Poaiwed), paiued
Yapese: m'ong

Popular posts from this blog

Box and whisker plots in Google Sheets

Traditional food dishes of Micronesia

Creating histograms with Google Sheets